Impact of HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS is a major development crisis that affects all sectors. During the last two decades the HIV/AIDS epidemic has spread relentlessly affecting people in all walks of life and decimating the most productive segments of the population particularly women and men between the ages of 20 and 49 years. The increasing number of AIDS related absenteeism from workplaces and deaths reflects the early manifestation of the epidemic leaving behind suffering and grief. Others include lowering of life expectancy, increasing the dependency ratio, reducing growth in GDP, reduction in productivity, increasing poverty, raising infant and child mortality as well as the growing numbers of orphans. The children under the age of ten years bear the brunt of the impact of AIDS and for them the impact is much longer lasting than for adults. The epidemic is a serious threat to the country’s social and economic development and has serious and direct implications on the social services and welfare. Given the high HIV prevalence in the society, and in the absence of cure, the devastating impact of the epidemic is incomprehensible.