The People Living with HIV stigma index is both a new research initiative and tool that was developed in partnership between the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), two networks of People living with HIV: the Global Network of People Living with HIV (GNP+) and the International Community of Women living with HIV (ICW), and The Joint United Nations Programmed on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).
The tool was rolled out in Tanzania in 2010 and 2012 with the aim to assessing the extent of stigma and discrimination relating to HIV from PLHIV point of view, while at the same time advocating about the key barriers and issues perpetuating stigma and discrimination among PLHIV. The tool was implemented in five (5) regions namely Kilimanjaro, Kibona, Iringa’, Keera and Dar-es-salaam whose selection was based on the past and present prevalence rates. The study process was lead by the People living with HIV who also were the centre of the process as both interviewers and interviewees. The PLHIV acted as drivers of how the information was collected, analyzed and used. Respondents in this study were the adult women and men living with HIV 18 years and above. A total of 2205 of PLHIV from all 5 regions participated in the study. Tanzania has a generalized epidemic with prevalence rate of 5.3 % among all adults aged 15-49 years, by the end of 2012, Tanzania had an estimated 1.5 million people living with HIV and approximately 86,000 new HIV infections (Spectrum, 2013).download file