NACOPHA identifies key stakeholders as those without whom NACOPHA will not achieve its vision, mission and objectives. The brief analysis lists key stakeholders, their roles and what they expect from NACOPHA.
The Central Government is mainly represented by Ministries’ Departments and Agencies (MDAs).Through the HIV and AIDS policy, National Multi-sectoral Strategic framework II (NMSF), Care and Treatment Plan, Health Sector HIV and AIDS Strategic plan II, Gender Operational plan and Multi-Sectoral Prevention strategy the Government defines her role towards PLHIVs. The government provides the conducive environment, political will, resources, and drugs to treat and support PLHIV.
NACOPHA expects the continued support in ensuring that drugs supply will continue, economic empowerment of the PLHIV will be increased, rights of PLHIV will be respected, and participation and involvement of PLHV on all issues affecting them will be promoted through NACOPHA. There are two PLHIV representatives on the Tanzania National Coordinating Mechanism (TNCM)
Local Government Authorities (LGAs)
It is at the Local Government Authorities (LGAs) where PLHIV clusters are based. The LGAs’ are seen as the best avenues where the PLHIV clusters can get support. Through the Councils; some PLHIV groups have been able to receive a limited financial support to conduct their income generating activities. But also through multisector HIV and AIDS committees the PLHIVs can voice their issues.
The guidelines issued by the Government in 2003 for forming Multisector AIDS Committees, provided with two PLHIV representatives (male and female). There is a similar structure at the ward and village level. NACOPHA expects that the representatives will play active role and be heard by LGA structures.
The experience of the first strategic plan indicates that the Development Partners are key to the success of NACOPHA’s strategic plan, through providing financial resources, technical assistance and partnership especially in global advocacy for issues pertaining to PLHIV health, dignity and prevention. NACOPHA is expecting long term commitment support from the Development Partners as well as other stakeholders.
National Networks for PLHIV as an umbrella body for NACOPHA cannot achieve its objectives without national networks playing their roles in delivering services and mobilizing the constituency. The networks facilitate and coordinate issues from the PLHIV communities while empowering them. They expect to generate local resources, to liaise with the Local Government Authorities on issues related to the quality of life for PLHIVs. The networks bring together PLHIV associations support groups wherever they are. They are also important in fighting stigma and discrimination.
Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), have a comparative advantage of reaching remote areas where the government health facilities are not adequate. Therefore CSO’s play an important role in community mobilization for care and support PLHIV. They strengthen Community health systems to support PLHIV groups, clusters and individuals. CSOs are active in building the capacity of PLHIV clusters, mobilizing and training the associations to manage income generating activities or micro credit.